How to Cite a PDF

By: Gcite Citation Team | March 19, 2024

✍ Create a citation for a PDF using List or Essay citations.

What is a PDF and where are they located?

A Portable Document Format (PDF) is a type of file used to show documents and text the same way on any computer or phone. You can find PDFs on the internet, in online libraries, on school websites, and on websites for work.

Pro Tips for Citing a PDF

Gcite's Metrics for PDFs


Depends mainly where the source is from.

ease To Cite:

PDFs without DOIs are the hardest sources for Gcite to cite; their data is often unavailable.


PDFs make up 5% of the sources cited on Gcite.

*** These metrics are not based on statistics and are subjective measurements.***